Interwar years in Novogrudek

In 1921 Poland along with other countries across Europe was granted territorial and political independence as part of the treaties following the First World War. It was one of the first times in centuries that Poland had achieved its independence.

As part of its guarantee of existence and support by other European states and the newly founded League of Nations (the for-runner to the United Nations), all minorities had to be guaranteed protection and granted equal rights.

For most minorities in Eastern Europe this was the first time that such rights had existed. Jews were no longer to be prevented form attending universities. They paid the same taxes as everyone else, and could not legally be punished because of their religion.

However, despite the legal rights discrimination did still exist for all minorities. Quota’s existed for educational institutions and the civil service.